What is The CRAAP?
The CRAAP Test is a test to check the reliability of sources across academic disciplines.
CRAAP is an acronym for Currency, Relevance, Authority, Accuracy, and Purpose. It is a way to assess a source’s validity in an academic setting.
Due to the vast number of sources existing online, it can be difficult to tell whether these sources are trustworthy to use as tools for research. Use Craap Test and chechk the autority of your content.
What is CRAAP?
Key Question: When was the item of information published or produced?
Resolving when an item of information was issued or produced is an aspect of evaluating information. The date information was issued or produced tells you how current it is or how contemporaneous it is with the topic you are researching.
There are two sides to the issue of currency.
- Is the learning the most recent version?
- Is the information the original research, description, or account?
Far crashes, you would need the most recent information on automobile crash tests, structural strength of materials, car wreck fatality statistics, etc.
If, on the other hand, you were doing a design on the feelings of college students about the Vietnam War during the 1960s, you would need information written in the 1960s by college students (primary sources) as well as elements written since then about college students in the 1960.
Key Question: How does this origin provide to my research paper?
The analysis of the agreement above is the same thing as relevance. You should also consider whether the source gives adequate coverage of the topic. Knowledge sources with broad, simple coverage mean that you need to find other sources of information to obtain adequate details about your topic.
Some questions to consider are:
- Does the information compare to my topic or answer my question?
- Who is the intended audience?
- Is the information at an appropriate level (i.e. not too simple or advanced) for my needs?
- Did I look at a variety of sources before deciding to use this one?
- Would I be comfortable using this source for my college research paper?
Key Question: Is the person, organization, or institution responsible for the intellectual content of the information learned in that subject?
Anyone can make an assertion or a statement about something, event, or idea, but only someone who knows or appreciates what that thing, event, or idea is can make a rationally reliable statement or assertion about it.
Some external evidence of knowledge of or expertise are:
- Active involvement in a subject or organization by serious amateurs who spend substantial amounts of personal time researching and studying that subject area.
Organizations, agencies, institutions, corporations with active involvement or work in a particular subject area.
Key Question: How free from wrongdoing is this piece of information?
The more an idea, opinion, or other pieces of information varies from the accepted point of view on a particular topic the harder it is to prove its accuracy. It may be entirely valid but corroborating it is both more necessary and more difficult.
Are references cited correctly and in context? Out-of-context quotes can be misleading and sometimes completely erroneous.
Are there exaggerations, omissions, or errors? These are difficult to identify if you use only one source of information. Always use several different sources of information on your topic. Explaining what different sources say about a topic is one way to understand that topic.
In addition to errors of fact and sincerity, you need to watch for errors of logic. Errors of reasoning occur primarily in the presentation of conclusions, opinions, interpretations, editorials, ideas, etc. Some indications that information is accurate are:
- the author of the knowledge is known to have expertise in that subject
- the presentation is free from logical fallacies or errors
- quotations are “in context”-the meaning of the original work is kept in the work which
- quotes the original quotations are correctly cited
- acronyms are precisely defined at the beginning
Key Question: Who is this information is written for or this product developed for?
You should also examine the author’s objectivity. Are they trying to persuade? Do they present any bias? While it is doubtful that anything people do is ever completely accurate, it is important to establish that the knowledge you intend to use is reasonably objective, or if it is not, to establish exactly what the point of view or bias is.
There are times when information representing a particular point of view or bias is useful, but you must use it consciously. You must know what the point of view is and why that point of view is important to your project.
For example, items offered for educated or professional audiences are generally produced by authorities and go through a peer evaluation process.
Some indications of the expected audience are:
- substantive and serious performances of a topic with not too much scientific language are generally written for the educated lay audience.
- popular language, somewhat simple presentations of a topic, little or no analysis, reasonable tools can indicate a general or popular audience.
- bibliographies, especially long bibliographies, are generally compiled by and for those researching that topic.
by Craap Test on 2021-03-17 04:05:52